Perimenopause is the period defining the months (or years) before menopause sets in.

Perimenopausal changes include major hormonal fluctuations, defined by having vasomotor symptoms such as:

  • hot flashes
  • night sweats
  • Palpitations
  • irregular periods 
  • vaginal dryness

The transition into Menopause is a gradual process occurring over several years usually around the age of 40.

When women reach the menopause phase, hormonal shifts bring about difficulties ranging from symptoms to complications. Signs of menopause include: 

  • irregular or absent menstruation 
  • hot flashes/flushes of night sweats
  • Palpitations
  • decreased vaginal lubrication
  • mood swings
  • anxiety and forgetfulness
  • increased facial hair
  • urinary incontinence
  • reduced/loss of libido
  • headache

Hot flushes and a sense of wellness-loss are the primary symptoms of menopause and are linked to mental health issues stemming from this phase.

Once you experience menopausal symptoms for a prolonged period of time, you have entered the post-menopausal phase.

This important and dynamic midlife transition period in women marks the following:

  • Diminished neurological health
  • Elevated cholesterol levels (LDL)
  • Frailty and weakness
  • Inflammatory responses (mainly attributed to the gradual decline in estrogen levels)