In Ayurvedic medicine, doshas are innate, bodily humors of which every individual is formed.
The body constitution is based on three doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha.These innate energies circulate in the body and are responsible for several physical, mental and emotional characteristics.
Every individual is unique and has a predominant dosha or combination of doshas in their body constitution. Health is achieved through establishing equilibrium of the three doshas.
The Doshas And The Five Elements
Like everything else in the universe, doshas are a permutation and combination of the five states of matter, the five basic elements.
Ether (akash), air (vayu), water (jala), fire (agni), and earth (prithvi) are called thepancha-maha-bhutas or five great elements.